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EGYPT – GENERAL INFORMATION

Amr Elleithy أكتوبر 4, 2022
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Location

Middle East, North Africa.

Time

Egypt Standard Time is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time ( GMT+2 ) in Central Africa Time Zone CAT ) all year.

Area

1,002,000 sq km (386,874 sq miles).

Population


Egypt’s 2020 population is estimated at 102,334,404 people at mid-year according to UN data. Egypt’s population is equivalent to 1.31% of the total world population.

Population Density

The population density in Egypt is 103 per Km2 (266 people per mi2).

Capital

Cairo (El Qahira). Population: 20,9 million (2020 estimate).

Geography

The Arab Republic of Egypt is located in the north-eastern corner of Africa and south-western Asia. It is bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by Palestine and Israel, on the south by Sudan, and on the west by Libya.

The total area of the Arab Republic of Egypt reaches nearly 1.002.000 square meters, while the populated area reaches 78990 km2 representing 7.8% of the total area.

Head of State

President Abdel Fattah El Sisi since 2014.

Head of Government

Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouly since 2018.

Language

Arabic is the official language. English and French are widely spoken.

Religion

According to the 2020 census, over 90% of the population follows Islam; the majority of the rest is Christian. All types of Christianity are represented, especially the Coptic Christian Church. There is also a small Jewish minority.

Etiquette and Customs

Egypt follows the same sort of etiquette as most other Muslim countries. With customs such as bringing gifts when visiting somebody’s home, taking your shoes off before you enter the house, and using your right hand to eat and greet. Politics and religion can be touchy subjects, so it’s probably best not to bring them up, especially if you are not a religious person yourself.

Old people are highly respected members of the community; people are always willing to help the elderly, as their respect has been earnt.

If there is a single vacant place to sit on public transportation, you will find that everyone invites others to sit rather than themselves, indicating respect for other people.

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