EGYPT – GENERAL INFORMATION
Middle East, North Africa.
Egypt Standard Time is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time ( GMT+2 ) in Central Africa Time Zone ( CAT ) all year.
1,002,000 sq km (386,874 sq miles).
Egypt’s 2020 population is estimated at 102,334,404 people at mid-year according to UN data. Egypt’s population is equivalent to 1.31% of the total world population.
The population density in Egypt is 103 per Km2 (266 people per mi2).
Cairo (El Qahira). Population: 20,9 million (2020 estimate).
The Arab Republic of Egypt is located in the north-eastern corner of Africa and south-western Asia. It is bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by Palestine and Israel, on the south by Sudan, and on the west by Libya.
The total area of the Arab Republic of Egypt reaches nearly 1.002.000 square meters, while the populated area reaches 78990 km2 representing 7.8% of the total area.
Head of State
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi since 2014.
Head of Government
Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouly since 2018.
Arabic is the official language. English and French are widely spoken.
According to the 2020 census, over 90% of the population follows Islam; the majority of the rest is Christian. All types of Christianity are represented, especially the Coptic Christian Church. There is also a small Jewish minority.
Etiquette and Customs
Egypt follows the same sort of etiquette as most other Muslim countries. With customs such as bringing gifts when visiting somebody’s home, taking your shoes off before you enter the house, and using your right hand to eat and greet. Politics and religion can be touchy subjects, so it’s probably best not to bring them up, especially if you are not a religious person yourself.
Old people are highly respected members of the community; people are always willing to help the elderly, as their respect has been earnt.
If there is a single vacant place to sit on public transportation, you will find that everyone invites others to sit rather than themselves, indicating respect for other people.